France to Denmark April-May 2016

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5/9/2016
AMSTERDAM, The Netherlands

What do you think of when someone says Amsterdam? Tulips might be a response for Holland in general but, for Amsterdam, think canals or bicycles or dykes or endless attached house, or houseboats or a red light district. On second thought, instead of saying "or", Windmill in Amsterdamwhen you′re talking about Amsterdam the "or" needs to be an "and".

If it weren′t for dykes, there would be no Amsterdam or at least it would be a great deal smaller. For centuries, the Dutch have been terraforming the land around them to create solid land for buildings and farms. They identify an area, surround it by dykes and pump the water out of the center. The pumps are the famous windmills of Holland and there were thousands in their heyday (today the pumps are electric). The water table everywhere in Amsterdam and its surrounding region is checked non-stop and pumped dry whenever necessary, which is almost always.

Canals (and rivers and lakes are the second most famous sight of Amsterdam. Three main canals make up the core of the city and numerous smaller canals link them together. There is also a river, several lakes, and the sea. Canals not only make the engineering feat of creating the very land the city is built on possible but canals are the arteries that were used to move the goods that made Amsterdam a premier trading center. Along these canals, on both sides (and elsewhere), are what is laughingly called roads (or streets). You can imagine that a city that creates every single square inch of the land it has by constantly battling the water table would be parsimonious with the resulting reclaimed land. Streets tend to be one way and if someone stops on the street, say to make a delivery, it is a no-way street (we complain about parallel parking but in this city backing up for long distances is a necessity also). These scarce streets are shared by tens of thousands of inhabitants and tourists, all of whom seem to be in the same place at the same time.

Amsterdam Amsterdam Amsterdam Amsterdam Amsterdam Amsterdam

And the streets are also shared, or should I say, taken over by bicycles. People in America who want to transform our city into a place that is bicycle-centric ought to come to Amsterdam and see what they wish for. Admittedly, this city could not function if everyone didn′t move around by bicycle but experiencing the chaos of everyone going everywhere at the same time by bicycle is at times frightening, especially for the bicycle-unaccustomed tourist trying to walk. Parking for cars is almost nonexistent and when there is parking, the charges are astronomical. But that is getting equally problematic for bicycles. The city is thinking of making bicycle users also pay to park downtown because

Bicycles in Amsterdam Bicycles in Amsterdam Bicycles in Amsterdam Bicycles in Amsterdam Bicycles in Amsterdam 

it is just that congested. Near the harbor, a new structure has recently been created to park 3,000 of them, but that doesn′t seem to have solved the problem. Then there′s the problem of finding your own bike in a sea of them. It′s a real treasure hunt. Maybe people should think about chip implant technology, like they may already be doing for their pets. Talking of treasure, the bikes are old and not in very good shape because those worth stealing, are.

As already described, land has historically been so scarce that the houses and businesses end up being glued to each other on both sides of the canals (think Venice) and right on top of the narrow roads. Historically, structures were taxed on the linear frontage of the structure, not total square feet. To combat the taxman, homes became narrow, but also deep and several stories high. We saw some that could not have been more than 10 feet wide. But narrow deep houses make for difficulty in getting large items up and down stairs. With another burst of creativity, those houses incorporated hoists into their design that were used to move items from street level to upper stories.

Houses & Businesses in Amsterdam Houses & Businesses in Amsterdam Houses & Businesses in Amsterdam Houses & Businesses in Amsterdam Houses & Businesses in Amsterdam 

If you can′t live next to a canal, you can live in the canal on a houseboat. Houseboats come in all sizes and shapes and are in evidence even in the rivers outside the city center.

Housesboats in Amsterdam Housesboats in Amsterdam Housesboats in Amsterdam Housesboats in Amsterdam Housesboats in Amsterdam 

Like all urban areas, people of like nationality or occupation or trade often congregate in their own sectors. So there is a Jewish community, a Chinese community, a diamond district and so forth. Our guide said that 140 plus nationalities are represented in Amsterdam. There is also a red light district. Like retail shops everywhere, the windows are adorned with, shall we say, come hither advertising. This district was formally declared legal about 15 years ago and is regulated. Before that this district′s "work" wasn′t technically legal but has been openly tolerated forever.

Disticts in Amsterdam Disticts in Amsterdam Disticts in Amsterdam Disticts in Amsterdam Disticts in Amsterdam 

Our final stop of the day was a Dutch community outside of Amsterdam called Broek in Waterland-Noord. The village was so picturesque Broek in Waterland-Noordit looked like a Hollywood stage set. We happened across the home of a well-known sculptor whose work was displayed in his yard, like an outdoor museum. He invited us into his home to see his studio. Although Carol and I rarely agreed on art, we both really liked the sculptures we saw. We will see if we can get any of his work shipped to us in California.

Photo stapled to a treeIn this same postcard-perfect village we saw an example of no-words example Dutch humor. This photo was stapled to a tree in the town. It should also be posted everywhere in California.

Special DoorI couldn′t close today′s blog without introducing you to a feature of houses in this town (and probably elsewhere in Holland). The house has its main entrance on the side (not shown in the photo). The door and the stairs that you see here (stairs that look like they′d go to the front door) are instead only used on two occasions. The door and stairs shown here carry the unfortunate name "Death′s Door" because the only two times they are traditionally used is when a casket is carried out or someone is married.

Make up your own comments. This one′s too easy.








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